Solar farms are also known as solar power plants or solar parks. They are large-scale facilities that generate electricity by harnessing the power of the sun’s rays.
The panels are mounted on the ground and are connected to an inverter, which converts the direct current (DC) produced by the panels into alternating current (AC) that can be used to power things such as homes or businesses.
Typically, solar farms will feed into the electrical grid, distributing their energy to customers across a specific region. They are an excellent way to encourage sustainable energy production and an important component of the transition to a low-carbon economy.
The energy produced by solar farms can help reduce greenhouse gas emissions and air pollution, helping to protect the natural environment from harm whilst offering an effective form of energy.
Solar farms typically use photovoltaic (PV) panels, which convert sunlight into electricity. These panels are made of silicon cells wired together to form a module. The size and amount of panels you need for a solar farm will depend on a variety of factors, such as:
Due to the fact all of the cells are connected, it’s important to be aware of solar shading and minimise its effects as much as possible.
Each solar farm will have a different design, considering the local climate and terrain and the regulatory environment in the region where the farm is located.
These factors will affect mounting options and the size and positioning of panels.
Alongside the solar panels, solar farms will also require other equipment to generate usable energy, including inverters to convert the DC electricity produced by the panels into AC electricity fed into the electrical grid. They may also require transformers and other components for power transmission and distribution.